The clinical treatments described and recommended in this publication are based on research and consultation with nursing, medical, and legal authorities. To the best of our knowledge, these procedures reflect currently accepted practice. Nevertheless, they can’t be considered absolute and universal recommendations. For individual applications, all recommendations must be considered in light of the patient’s clinical condition and, before administration of new or infrequently used drugs, in light of the latest package-insert information. The authors and publisher disclaim any responsibility for any adverse effects resulting from the suggested procedures, from any undetected errors, or from the reader’s misunderstanding of the text.



If you are a cardiologist in practice, a fellow in training, an echo technologist, or a cardiac anesthesiologist, then this is the right place to help you learn and review principles of echocardiography.

This information on this site is meant to be purely educational and in no way should substitute for clinical judgment or be used as a means to make decisions regarding clinical care.

Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the most commonly performed cardiac ultrasound examination. A high quality transthoracic echocardiogram can be performed quickly at the bedside and has the potential to comprehensively evaluate left and right ventricular systolic and diastolic function, regional wall motion, valvular heart disease, and diseases of the pericardium. Transesophageal echocardiography improves image quality in many ways over transthoracic echo
Parasternal Long Axis
Parasternal Short Axis
Apical
Subcostal
Suprasternal
Mass/Volume Calculations
Common Indications for TEE
Contraindications for TEE
Mid-Esophageal Views
Transgastric Views
Deep Transgastric View
High esophageal views

Free EKG ECG Cardiology Guide

In contrast to formal echocardiography in which multiple views and techniques provide a comprehensive structural and functional assessment of the heart, resulting in a quantitative report, basic echo in the resuscitation setting aims to answer focused clinical yes/no questions. .

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