Tag: Gastrointestinal tract

Biology

Swimming motility of a gut bacterial symbiont promotes resistance to intestinal expulsion and enhances inflammation

Newsemia
by Travis J. Wiles, Brandon H. Schlomann, Elena S. Wall, Reina Betancourt, Raghuveer Parthasarathy, Karen Guillemin Some of the densest microbial ecosystems in nature thrive...
Gastroenterology

Boston researchers develop novel approach to generate intestinal organoids in vitro

Newsemia
Boston researchers have developed a new way to generate groups of intestinal cells that can be used, among others, to make disease models in the...
Biology

Intestinal peroxisomal fatty acid β-oxidation regulates neural serotonin signaling through a feedback mechanism

Newsemia
by Aude D. Bouagnon, Lin Lin, Shubhi Srivastava, Chung-Chih Liu, Oishika Panda, Frank C. Schroeder, Supriya Srinivasan, Kaveh Ashrafi The ability to coordinate behavioral responses...
Biology

Loss of adenomatous polyposis coli function renders intestinal epithelial cells resistant to the cytokine IL-22

Newsemia
by Yu Chen, Maud Vandereyken, Ian P. Newton, Ignacio Moraga, Inke S. Näthke, Mahima Swamy Interleukin-22 (IL-22) is a critical immune defence cytokine that maintains...
Biology

CEH-60/PBX regulates vitellogenesis and cuticle permeability through intestinal interaction with UNC-62/MEIS in <i>Caenorhabditis elegans</i>

Newsemia
by Pieter Van de Walle, Ellen Geens, Geert Baggerman, Francisco José Naranjo-Galindo, Peter Askjaer, Liliane Schoofs, Liesbet Temmerman The onset of sexual maturity involves dramatic...
Biology

Intestinal delta-6-desaturase activity determines host range for <i>Toxoplasma</i> sexual reproduction

Newsemia
by Bruno Martorelli Di Genova, Sarah K. Wilson, J. P. Dubey, Laura J. Knoll Many eukaryotic microbes have complex life cycles that include both sexual...
Biology

Regulation of membrane phospholipid asymmetry by Notch-mediated flippase expression controls the number of intraepithelial TCRαβ<sup>+</sup>CD8αα<sup>+</sup> T cells

Newsemia
by Chieko Ishifune, Shin-ichi Tsukumo, Yoichi Maekawa, Katsuto Hozumi, Doo Hyun Chung, Chihiro Motozono, Sho Yamasaki, Hiroyasu Nakano, Koji Yasutomo Intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) expressing...
Biology

Experimental evolution reveals microbial traits for association with the host gut

Newsemia
by Nicole M. Vega Understanding how microbes adapt to their host is an enduring problem in microbiome ecology, and understanding the microbial traits that allow...

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