Time-Dependent Myocardial Necrosis in Patients With ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Without Angiographic Collateral Flow Visualized by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Results From the Multicenter STEMI-SCAR Project.
J Am Heart Assoc. 2019 06 18;8(12):e012429
Authors: Greulich S, Mayr A, Gloekler S, Seitz A, Birkmeier S, Schäufele T, Bekeredjian R, Zuern CS, Seizer P, Geisler T, Müller KAL, Krumm P, Nikolaou K, Klug G, Reinstadler S, Pamminger M, Reindl M, Wahl A, Traupe T, Seiler C, Metzler B, Gawaz M, Windecker S, Mahrholdt H
Background Acute complete occlusion of a coronary artery results in progressive ischemia, moving from the endocardium to the epicardium (ie, wavefront). Dependent on time to reperfusion and collateral flow, myocardial infarction ( MI ) will manifest, with transmural MI portending poor prognosis. Late gadolinium enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance imaging can detect MI with high diagnostic accuracy. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention is the preferred reperfusion strategy in patients with ST -segment-elevation MI with <12 hours of symptom onset. We sought to visualize time-dependent necrosis in a population with ST -segment-elevation MI by using late gadolinium enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (STEMI-SCAR project). Methods and Results ST -segment-elevation MI patients with single-vessel disease, complete occlusion with TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction) score 0, absence of collateral flow (Rentrop score 0), and symptom onset <12 hours were consecutively enrolled. Using late gadolinium enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, the area at risk and infarct size, myocardial salvage index, transmurality index, and transmurality grade (0-50%, 51-75%, 76-100%) were determined. In total, 164 patients (aged 54±11 years, 80% male) were included. A receiver operating characteristic curve (area under the curve: 0.81) indicating transmural necrosis revealed the best diagnostic cutoff for a symptom-to-balloon time of 121 minutes: patients with >121 minutes demonstrated increased infarct size, transmurality index, and transmurality grade (all P<0.01) and decreased myocardial salvage index ( P<0.001) versus patients with symptom-to-balloon times ≤121 minutes. Conclusions In MI with no residual antegrade and no collateral flow, immediate reperfusion is vital. A symptom-to-balloon time of >121 minutes causes a high grade of transmural necrosis. In this pure ST -segment-elevation MI population, time to reperfusion to salvage myocardium was less than suggested by current guidelines.
PMID: 31181983 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]