Cardiology

Acquired aortopulmonary fistula: a case report.


Related Articles

Acquired aortopulmonary fistula: a case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep. 2020 Aug;4(4):1-5

Authors: Mahmoud O, Elias H, Rafiq A, Alsaid A

Abstract
Background: Aortopulmonary fistula is a rare complication of ascending aorta pathology. Presentation is most commonly dramatic with acute onset chest pain or heart failure secondary to left to right shunting. We describe a patient with acquired aortopulmonary fistula who had an insidious onset of heart failure as his presenting complaint. We also highlight the utility of multimodality cardiac imaging in establishing the diagnosis.
Case summary: A 79-year-old male patient with a history of coronary artery bypass graft surgery and mechanical aortic valve replacement, 23 years prior, presented with exertional dyspnoea of 7 months duration. An initial workup that included transthoracic and transoesophageal echocardiography as well as coronary and bypass graft angiography failed to diagnose an acquired aortopulmonary fistula complicating an ascending aortic pseudoaneurysm. Upon referral to our institution, the correct diagnosis was suspected on off-axis transthoracic echocardiography. The fistula was subsequently confirmed, and the extent of ascending aorta pathology defined via a multimodality imaging approach that consisted of transoesophageal echocardiography and cardiac computed tomography. The patient underwent successful surgical repair and was discharged in a stable condition.
Discussion: Acquired aortopulmonary fistula is a rare clinical entity. We describe a patient who had an insidious presentation of heart failure and found to have a large ascending aortic aneurysm that eroded into the main pulmonary artery creating a fistulous communication. The diagnosis was delayed and required a high index of suspicion and multimodality cardiac imaging.

PMID: 32974452 [PubMed]

Source link

Related posts

Heart failure and type 2 diabetes: From CVOTs, with hope.

Newsemia

COVID-19 and immunology

Newsemia

Corticosteroids for Congenital Heart Surgery: When Is a Negative Trial Not a Negative Trial?

Newsemia

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More

Privacy & Cookies Policy

COVID-19

COVID-19 (Coronavirus) is a new illness that is having a major effect on all businesses globally LIVE COVID-19 STATISTICS FOR World