Cardiology

Angiotensin-(1-7) prevents T3-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy by upregulating FOXO3/SOD1/catalase and downregulating NF-ĸB.


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Angiotensin-(1-7) prevents T3-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy by upregulating FOXO3/SOD1/catalase and downregulating NF-ĸB.

J Cell Physiol. 2020 Sep 23;:

Authors: Senger N, C Parletta A, Marques BVD, Akamine EH, Diniz GP, Campagnole-Santos MJ, Santos RAS, Barreto-Chaves MLM

Abstract
Clinical studies have shown a correlation between thyroid disorders and cardiac diseases. High levels of triiodothyronine (T3) induce cardiac hypertrophy, a risk factor for cardiac complications and heart failure. Previous results have demonstrated that angiotensin-(1-7) is able to block T3-induced cardiac hypertrophy; however, the molecular mechanisms involved in this event have not been fully elucidated. Here, we evidenced the contribution of FOXO3 signaling to angiotensin-(1-7) effects. Angiotensin-(1-7) treatment increased nuclear FOXO3 levels and reduced p-FOXO3 levels (inactive form) in isolated cardiomyocytes. Knockdown of FOXO3 by RNA silencing abrogated the antihypertrophic effect of angiotensin-(1-7). Increased expression of antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1 and catalase) and lower levels of reactive oxygen species and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) were observed after angiotensin-(1-7) treatment in vitro. Consistent with these results, transgenic rats overexpressing angiotensin-(1-7) displayed increased nuclear FOXO3 and SOD1 levels and reduced NF-κB levels in the heart. These results provide a new molecular mechanism responsible for the antihypertrophic effect of angiotensin-(1-7), which may contribute to future therapeutic targets.

PMID: 32964425 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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