Transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale in patients older than 60 years of age with cryptogenic embolism.
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed). 2020 Mar;73(3):219-224
Authors: Wintzer-Wehekind J, Alperi A, Houde C, Côté JM, Del Val D, Côté M, Rodés-Cabau J
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Randomized trials have shown the efficacy of transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) in patients aged ≤ 60 years with cryptogenic embolism. We aimed to assess the long-term safety and efficacy of PFO closure in patients aged> 60 years.
METHODS: Of 475 consecutive patients with cryptogenic embolism who underwent PFO closure, 90 older patients aged> 60 years (mean, 66±5 years) were compared with 385 younger patients aged ≤ 60 years (mean, 44±10 years).
RESULTS: Older patients had a higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) (hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes; P <.01 for all vs younger patients). There were no differences in periprocedural complications between the 2 groups. During a median follow-up of 8 (4-12) years, there were a total of 17 deaths, all from noncardiovascular causes (7.8% and 2.6% in the older and younger patient groups, respectively; HR, 4.12; 95%CI, 1.56-10.89). Four patients had a recurrent stroke (2.2% and 0.5% in the older and younger patient groups, respectively; HR, 5.08; 95%CI, 0.71-36.2), and 12 patients had a transient ischemic attack (TIA) (3.3% and 2.3% in the older and younger patient groups, respectively; HR, 1.71; 95%CI, 0.46-6.39). There was a trend toward a higher rate of the composite of stroke/TIA in older patients (5.5% vs 2.6%; HR, 2.62; 95%CI, 0.89-7.75; P=.081), which did not persist after adjustment for CVRF (HR, 1.97; 95%CI, 0.59-6.56; P=.269).
CONCLUSIONS: In older patients with cryptogenic embolism, PFO closure was safe and associated with a low rate of ischemic events at long-term. However, older patients exhibited a tendency toward a higher incidence of recurrent stroke/TIA compared with younger patients, likely related to a higher burden of CVRF.
PMID: 31585849 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]