Cardiology

Myocardial ischemia and previous infarction contribute to left ventricular dyssynchrony in patients with coronary artery disease.




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Myocardial ischemia and previous infarction contribute to left ventricular dyssynchrony in patients with coronary artery disease.

J Nucl Cardiol. 2020 Aug 31;:

Authors: Hämäläinen H, Corovai A, Laitinen J, Laitinen TM, Hedman M, Hedman A, Kivelä A, Laitinen TP

Abstract
AIMS: The aim of this study was to characterize determinants of left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony (LVMD) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).
METHODS: Medical records and results of myocardial perfusion SPECT/CT studies were evaluated in 326 patients with previously diagnosed CAD. LVMD was assessed with the phase analysis of ECG-gated myocardial SPECT. Dyssynchrony was described with phase histogram bandwidth (PHBW), standard deviation (PHSD) or entropy (PHE) values above limit of the highest normal.
RESULTS: Prevalence of LVMD was 29% in CAD patients. Size of the infarction scar and ischemia extent correlated significantly with PHBW, PHSD and PHE (P < 0.001 for all). Independent predictors of LVMD were myocardial infarction scar (P = 0.004), ischemia extent (P = 0.003), and QRS duration (P = 0.003). Previous percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass grafting did not independently predict dyssynchrony.
CONCLUSIONS: Almost one-third of CAD patients had significant LVMD. Dyssynchrony was associated with earlier myocardial infarction and presence of myocardial ischemia. Previous percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass grafting did not independently predict dyssynchrony.

PMID: 32869165 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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