An Injectable Conductive Three-Dimensional Elastic Network by Tangled Surgical-Suture Spring for Heart Repair.
ACS Nano. 2019 12 24;13(12):14122-14137
Authors: Song C, Zhang X, Wang L, Wen F, Xu K, Xiong W, Li C, Li B, Wang Q, Xing MMQ, Qiu X
Designing scaffolds with persistent elasticity and conductivity to mimic microenvironments becomes a feasible way to repair cardiac tissue. Injectable biomaterials for cardiac tissue engineering have demonstrated the ability to restore cardiac function by preventing ventricular dilation, enhancing angiogenesis, and improving conduction velocity. However, limitations are still among them, such as poor mechanical stability, low conductivity, and complicated procedure. Here, we developed thermal plastic poly(glycolic acid) surgical suture and mussel-inspired conductive particle's adhesion into a highly elastic, conductive spring-like coils. The polypyrrole (PPy)-coated biospring acted as an electrode and then was assembled into a solid-state supercapacitor. After being injected through a syringe needle (0.33 mm inner diameter), the tangled coils formed an elastically conductive three-dimensional (3-D) network to modulate cardiac function. We found that cardiomyocytes (CMs) grew along the spring coils' track with elongated morphologies and formed highly oriented sarcomeres. The biospring enhanced the CMs' maturation in synchronous contraction accompanied by high expressions of cardiac-specific proteins, α-actinin, and connexin 43 (cx43). After the elastic, conductive biosprings were injected into the myocardial infarction (MI) area, the left ventricular fractional shortening was improved by about 12.6% and the infarct size was decreased by about 34%. Interestingly, the spring can be utilized as a sensor to measure the CMs' contractile force, which was 1.57 × 10-3 ± 0.26 × 10-3 mN (∼4.1 × 106 cells). Accordingly, this study highlights an injectable biospring to form a tangled conductive 3-D network in vivo for MI repair.
PMID: 31774656 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]