AI/ML

Indirect visual guided fracture reduction robot based on external markers.




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Indirect visual guided fracture reduction robot based on external markers.

Int J Med Robot. 2020 Aug 19;:e2153

Authors: Fu Z, Sun H, Dong X, Chen J, Rong H, Guo Y, Lin S

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Traditional fracture reduction surgery cannot ensure the accuracy of the reduction while consuming the physical strength of the surgeon. Although monitoring the fracture reduction process through radiography can improve the accuracy of the reduction, it will bring radiation harm to both patients and surgeons.
METHODS: We proposed a novel fracture reduction solution that parallel robot is used for fracture reduction surgery. The binocular camera indirectly obtains the position and posture of the fragment wrapped by the tissue by measuring the posture of the external markers. According to the clinical experience of fracture reduction, a path is designed for fracture reduction. Then using position-based visual serving control the robot to fracture reduction surgery. The study is approved by the Rehabilitation Hospital, National Research Center for Rehabilitation Technical Aids, Beijing , China.
RESULTS: 10 virtual cases of fracture were used for fracture reduction experiments. The simulation and model bone experiments are designed respectively. In model bone experiments, the fragments are reduction without collision. The angulation error after the reduction of this method is:3.3°±1.8°, and the axial rotation error is 0.8°±0.3°, the transverse stagger error and the axial direction error after reduction is 2mm±0.5mm and 2.5mm±1mm. After the reduction surgery, the external fixator is used to assist the fixing, and the deformity will be completely corrected.
CONCLUSIONS: The solution can perform fracture reduction surgery with certain accuracy and effectively reduce the number of radiographic uses during surgery, and the collision between fragments is avoided during surgery. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PMID: 32813892 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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