Cardiology

A meta-analysis of the incidence rate of postoperative acute kidney injury in patients with congenital heart disease.




A meta-analysis of the incidence rate of postoperative acute kidney injury in patients with congenital heart disease.

BMC Nephrol. 2020 Aug 17;21(1):350

Authors: Li D, Niu Z, Huang Q, Sheng W, Wang T

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication of cardiac surgery. However, the incidence rate of AKI in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) greatly varies between reports owing to the different definitions used for AKI. Therefore, this study was designed as a meta-analysis aimed at summarizing the incidence rate of AKI in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) on the basis of different AKI criteria.
METHODS: Studies published till April 24, 2020, on the incidence rate of AKI in patients with CHD, were retrieved from electronic databases and printed literature. To pool data from the included studies, the effect size, a combined statistics, was chosen and presented with the incidence rate and 95% confidence interval (CI). Heterogeneity was evaluated using I2 statistics and Cochran Q test. The incidence rates obtained from the subgroup analysis according to study location, type of surgery, type of cohort, age, and AKI criteria) were also evaluated to determine the correlation of AKI with these factors. Publication bias was estimated using the Egger test.
RESULTS: Thirty studies, comprising 9925 patients with AKI who had CHD, were included. Overall, the pooled incidence rate of AKI in the patients with CHD was 38.4% (95% CI, 32.0-44.7%). However, the incidence rate was not significantly affected by gender, study location, type of surgery, type of cohort, and AKI criteria. Moreover, age was significantly associated with the incidence of AKI, and the incidence rate was higher in the patients aged < 1 month than in those aged 1 month to 18 years, < 18 years, and ≥ 18 years (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the estimated incidence rate of AKI in patients with CHD was 38.4% and may be influenced by age. These findings highlight the importance of further investigation of the specific causes of and effective preventive measures for AKI.

PMID: 32807107 [PubMed - in process]

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