AI/ML

Chronic atrophic gastritis detection with a convolutional neural network considering stomach regions.


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Chronic atrophic gastritis detection with a convolutional neural network considering stomach regions.

World J Gastroenterol. 2020 Jul 07;26(25):3650-3659

Authors: Kanai M, Togo R, Ogawa T, Haseyama M

Abstract
BACKGROUND: The risk of gastric cancer increases in patients with Helicobacter pylori-associated chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG). X-ray examination can evaluate the condition of the stomach, and it can be used for gastric cancer mass screening. However, skilled doctors for interpretation of X-ray examination are decreasing due to the diverse of inspections.
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of stomach regions that are automatically estimated by a deep learning-based model for CAG detection.
METHODS: We used 815 gastric X-ray images (GXIs) obtained from 815 subjects. The ground truth of this study was the diagnostic results in X-ray and endoscopic examinations. For a part of GXIs for training, the stomach regions are manually annotated. A model for automatic estimation of the stomach regions is trained with the GXIs. For the rest of them, the stomach regions are automatically estimated. Finally, a model for automatic CAG detection is trained with all GXIs for training.
RESULTS: In the case that the stomach regions were manually annotated for only 10 GXIs and 30 GXIs, the harmonic mean of sensitivity and specificity of CAG detection were 0.955 ± 0.002 and 0.963 ± 0.004, respectively.
CONCLUSION: By estimating stomach regions automatically, our method contributes to the reduction of the workload of manual annotation and the accurate detection of the CAG.

PMID: 32742133 [PubMed – in process]

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