Volumetric lung nodule segmentation using adaptive ROI with multi-view residual learning.
Sci Rep. 2020 Jul 30;10(1):12839
Authors: Usman M, Lee BD, Byon SS, Kim SH, Lee BI, Shin YG
Accurate quantification of pulmonary nodules can greatly assist the early diagnosis of lung cancer, enhancing patient survival possibilities. A number of nodule segmentation techniques, which either rely on a radiologist-provided 3-D volume of interest (VOI) or use the constant region of interests (ROIs) for all the slices, are proposed; however, these techniques can only investigate the presence of nodule voxels within the given VOI. Such approaches restrain the solutions to freely investigate the nodule presence outside the given VOI and also include the redundant structures (non-nodule) into VOI, which limits the segmentation accuracy. In this work, a novel semi-automated approach for 3-D segmentation of lung nodule in computerized tomography scans, has been proposed. The technique is segregated into two stages. In the first stage, a 2-D ROI containing the nodule is provided as an input to perform a patch-wise exploration along the axial axis using a novel adaptive ROI algorithm. This strategy enables the dynamic selection of the ROI in the surrounding slices to investigate the presence of nodules using a Deep Residual U-Net architecture. This stage provides the initial estimation of the nodule utilized to extract the VOI. In the second stage, the extracted VOI is further explored along the coronal and sagittal axes, in patchwise fashion, with Residual U-Nets. All the estimated masks are then fed into a consensus module to produce a final volumetric segmentation of the nodule. The algorithm is rigorously evaluated on LIDC-IDRI dataset, which is the largest publicly available dataset. The proposed approach achieved the average dice score of 87.5%, which is significantly higher than the existing state-of-the-art techniques.
PMID: 32732963 [PubMed – in process]