Immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP) in a Pediatric Patient Positive for SARS-CoV-2

Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a potential presentation of COVID-19. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) viral testing should be considered in these patients to allow for appropriate hospital triaging and isolation to limit community spread and health care worker infection during epidemics or pandemics. ITP is characterized by isolated thrombocytopenia. Approximately two-thirds of children with primary ITP have a history of a viral infection during the previous month.1,2 Viruses commonly identified as triggers include cytomegalovirus, hepatitis C, herpes, varicella zoster, Epstein-Barr, influenza, and HIV.3–7 In this case report, we describe the first documented case of a pediatric patient with ITP who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. This case raises awareness of ITP as a possible pediatric presentation of coronavirus disease.

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