AI/ML

IKWI-net: A cross-domain convolutional neural network for undersampled magnetic resonance image reconstruction.


IKWI-net: A cross-domain convolutional neural network for undersampled magnetic resonance image reconstruction.

Magn Reson Imaging. 2020 Jul 27;:

Authors: Wang Z, Jiang H, Du H, Xu J, Qiu B

Abstract
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is widely used to get the information of anatomical structure and physiological function with the advantages of high resolution and non-invasive scanning. But the long acquisition time limits its application. To reduce the time consumption of MRI, compressed sensing (CS) theory has been proposed to reconstruct MRI images from undersampled k- space data. But conventional CS methods mostly use iterative methods that take lots of time. Recently, deep learning methods are proposed to achieve faster reconstruction, but most of them only pay attention to a single domain, such as the image domain or k-space. To take advantage of the feature represen- tation in different domains, we propose a cross-domain method based on deep learning, which first uses convolutional neural networks (CNNs) in the image domain, k-space and wavelet domain simultaneously. The combined order of the three domains is also first studied in this work, which has a significant effect on reconstruction. The proposed IKWI-net achieves the best performance in var- ious combinations, which utilizes CNNs in the image domain, k-space, wavelet domain and image domain sequentially. Compared with several deep learning methods, experiments show it also achieves mean improvements of 0.91 dB in peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) and 0.005 in structural similarity (SSIM).

PMID: 32730848 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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