Clinical documentation has dramatically changed since the implementation and use of electronic health records and electronic provider documentation. The purpose of this report is to review these changes and promote the development of standards and best practices for electronic documentation for pediatric patients. In this report, we evaluate the unique aspects of clinical documentation for pediatric care, including specialized information needs and stakeholders specific to the care of children. Additionally, we explore new models of documentation, such as shared documentation, in which patients may be both authors and consumers, and among care teams while still maintaining the ability to clearly define care and services provided to patients in a given day or encounter. Finally, we describe alternative documentation techniques and newer technologies that could improve provider efficiency and the reuse of clinical data.