Single-cell radioluminescence microscopy with two-fold higher sensitivity using dual scintillator configuration.
PLoS One. 2020;15(7):e0221241
Authors: Kim TJ, Wang Q, Shelor M, Pratx G
Radioluminescence microscopy (RLM) is an imaging technique that allows quantitative analysis of clinical radiolabeled drugs and probes in single cells. However, the modality suffers from slow data acquisition (15-30 minutes), thus critically affecting experiments with short-lived radioactive drugs. To overcome this issue, we suggest an approach that significantly accelerates data collection. Instead of using a single scintillator to image the decay of radioactive molecules, we sandwiched the radiolabeled cells between two scintillators. As proof of concept, we imaged cells labeled with [18F]FDG, a radioactive glucose popularly used in oncology to image tumors. Results show that the double scintillator configuration increases the microscope sensitivity by two-fold, thus reducing the image acquisition time by half to achieve the same result as the single scintillator approach. The experimental results were also compared with Geant4 Monte Carlo simulation to confirm the two-fold increase in sensitivity with only minor degradation in spatial resolution. Overall, these findings suggest that the double scintillator configuration can be used to perform time-sensitive studies such as cell pharmacokinetics or cell uptake of short-lived radiotracers.
PMID: 32634153 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]