Can Clinical and Functional Outcomes Be Improved with an Intelligent “Internet Plus”-Based Full Disease Cycle Remote Ischemic Conditioning Program in Acute ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention? Rationale and Design of the i-RIC Trial.
Cardiovasc Drugs Ther. 2020 Jun 30;:
Authors: Zheng Y, Reinhardt JD, Li J, Hu D, Lin S, Wang L, Dai R, Fan Z, Ding R, Chen L, Yuan L, Xu Z, Cheng Y, Yan C, Zhang X, Wang L, Zhang X, Teng M, Yu Q, Yin A, Lu X, i-RIC Trial Collaboration Group
BACKGROUND: Acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with a high incidence of complications as well as a considerable hospitalization rate and economic burden. Preliminary evidence suggests that remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) is a promising non-invasive intervention that may effectively and safely reduce myocardial infarct size, subsequent cardiac events and complications, and mortality. However, RIC’s cardio-protective effect remains under debate, especially for single timepoint RIC programs. Adequately powered large-scale randomized controlled trials investigating clinical outcomes are thus needed to clarify the role of full disease cycle RIC programs.
METHODS: The intelligent “Internet Plus”-based full disease cycle remote ischemic conditioning (i-RIC) trial is a pragmatic, multicenter, randomized controlled, parallel group, clinical trial. The term, intelligent “Internet Plus”-based full disease cycle, refers to smart devices aided automatic and real-time monitoring of remote ischemic pre-, per- or post-conditioning intervention for patients with STEMI undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Based on this perspective, 4700 STEMI patients from five hospitals in China will be randomized to a control and an intervention group. The control group will receive PCI and usual care, including pharmacotherapy, before and after PCI. The intervention group will receive pre-, per-, and post-operative RIC combined with long-term i-RIC over a one-month period in addition. A smartphone application, an automated cuff inflation/deflation device and “Internet Plus”-based administration will be used in the long-term phase. The primary outcome is the combined cardiac death or hospitalization for heart failure rate. Secondary outcomes include clinical and functional outcomes: major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events rate, all-cause mortality, myocardial reinfarction rate, readmission rate for heart failure and ischemic stroke rate, unplanned revascularization rate, plasma concentration of myocardial infarction-related key biomarkers, infarct size, cardiac function, cardiopulmonary endurance, health-related quality of life, total hospital length of stay, total medical cost, and compliance with treatment regime.
DISCUSSION: The i-RIC trial is designed to test the hypothesis that clinical and functional outcomes can be improved with the i-RIC program in STEMI patients undergoing PCI. The concept of RIC is expected to be enhanced with this intelligent “Internet Plus”-based program focusing on the full disease cycle. If the i-RIC program results in superior improvement in primary and secondary outcomes, it will offer an innovative treatment option for STEMI patients and form the basis of future recommendations.
CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ( http://www.chictr.org.cn ): ChiCTR2000031550, 04 April 2020.
PMID: 32607820 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]