The atypical neuroleptics iloperidone and lurasidone inhibit human cytochrome P450 enzymes in vitro. Evaluation of potential metabolic interactions.
Pharmacol Rep. 2020 Apr 11;:
Authors: Danek PJ, Wójcikowski J, Daniel WA
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed at examining the inhibitory effect of two atypical neuroleptics iloperidone and lurasidone on the main human cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes in pooled human liver microsomes and cDNA-expressed CYP enzymes (supersomes).
METHODS: The activity of these enzymes was determined by the following CYP-specific reactions: caffeine 3-N-demethylation/CYP1A2, diclofenac 4′-hydroxylation/CYP2C9, perazine N-demethylation/CYP2C19, bufuralol 1′-hydroxylation/CYP2D6 and testosterone 6β-hydroxylation/CYP3A4, respectively, using HPLC.
RESULTS: Iloperidone inhibited the activity of CYP3A4 via a noncompetitive mechanism (Ki = 0.38 and 0.3 µM in liver microsomes and supersomes, respectively) and CYP2D6 via a competitive mechanism (Ki = 2.9 and 10 µM in microsomes and supersomes). Moreover, iloperidone attenuated the activity of CYP1A2 (Ki = 45 and 31 µM in microsomes and supersomes) and CYP2C19 via a mixed mechanism (Ki = 6.5 and 32 µM in microsomes and supersomes) but did not affect CYP2C9. Lurasidone moderately inhibited CYP1A2 (Ki = 12.6 and 15.5 µM in microsomes and supersomes), CYP2C9 (Ki = 18 and 3.5 µM in microsomes and supersomes) and CYP2C19 via a mixed mechanism (Ki = 18 and 18.4 µM in microsomes and supersomes), and CYP3A4 via a competitive mechanism (Ki = 29.4 and 9.1 µM in microsomes and supersomes). Moreover, lurasidone competitively, though weakly diminished the CYP2D6 activity (Ki = 37.5 and 85 µM in microsomes and supersomes).
CONCLUSION: The examined neuroleptics showed inhibitory effects on different CYP enzymes. The obtained results indicate that metabolic/pharmacokinetic interactions with iloperidone (involving mainly CYP3A4 and CYP2D6) and possibly with lurasidone (involving CYP1A2, CYP2C9 or CYP2C19) may occur during combined therapy.
PMID: 32279279 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]