Determination of pharmacokinetic parameters of vitamin K1 in rats after an intravenous infusion.
Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2020 Mar 29;:
Authors: Mi YN, Yan PP, Yu RH, Li QG, Wang CC, Hui MQ, Cao L, Cao YX
Pharmacokinetic parameters of vitamin K1 have a large range of values in different literature. The aim of this study was to determine the pharmacokinetic parameters of vitamin K1 following post-constant speed intravenous infusion (PCSII) to provide rational pharmacokinetic parameters of vitamin K1 and compare these with results of noncompartmental analysis following intravenous injection (IV). After 15h intravenous infusion of vitamin K1 in rats, the logarithmic concentration-time curve of vitamin K1 was fit to a linear equation following PCSII (R2 =0.9599±0.0096). Then, half-time (T1/2 ), apparent volume of distribution (Vd ), and clearance rate (CL) were estimated successively. T1/2 of vitamin K1 was 4.07±0.41 h, CL was 89.47±3.60 mL/h, and Vd was 525.38±54.45 mL in rats following PCSII. There was no significant difference in pharmacokinetic parameters of vitamin K1 among different sampling times. For noncompartmental analysis, T1/2 and mean residence time (MRTINF ) for a sampling duration of 6h were shorter than those of 12h or 24 h sampling duration following IV (P<0.05, P<0.01). In addition, T1/2 of vitamin K1 was obviously difference with MRT-equated half-time (T1/2, MRT )(P<0.05). Vd and CL of vitamin K1 following PCSII was larger than those following IV based on noncompartmental analysis (P<0.01). The results demonstrated that drug distribution in the body was balanced and the Napierian logarithmic concentration-time curve of vitamin K1 fit to a linear equation following PCSII. Vitamin K1 has a long T1/2 and a relatively large Vd following PCSII.
PMID: 32222983 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]