MRI of Reperfused Acute Myocardial Infarction Edema: ADC Quantification versus T1 and T2 Mapping.
Radiology. 2020 Mar 24;:192186
Authors: Moulin K, Viallon M, Romero W, Chazot A, Mewton N, Isaaz K, Croisille P
Background After acute myocardial infarction (AMI), reperfusion injury is associated with microvascular lesions and myocardial edema. Purpose To evaluate the performance of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) quantification compared with T1 and T2 values in the detection of acute myocardial injury. Materials and Methods In this prospective study conducted from June 2016 to November 2018, participants without a history of heart failure or cardiomyopathy were enrolled after undergoing reperfusion for their first AMI. Quantitative T1 and T2 mapping were performed with a 1.5-T MRI scanner and compared with a fast free-breathing acquisition technique for ADC mapping (approximate duration, 3 minutes; five slices; spin-echo cardiac diffusion acquisition; b values, 0 and 200 sec/mm2; six diffusion-encoding directions; five repetitions). Quantitative ADC and unenhanced T1 and T2 values were compared in infarct, border, and remote regions by using Welch analysis of variance with Games-Howell post hoc test for pairwise comparisons. Results Thirty-four participants with AMI underwent MRI an average of 5 days ± 1.9 (standard deviation) after reperfusion. Mean ADC was markedly high in the infarcted regions (2.32 × 10-3 mm2/sec; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.28, 2.36) and moderately high in the border regions (1.91 ×10-3 mm2/sec; 95% CI: 1.89, 1.94; P < .001). In remote regions, mean ADC (1.62 ×10-3 mm2/sec; 95% CI: 1.59, 1.64) was comparable to that measured in vivo in healthy volunteers. Within the same regions of interest, although the measures showed similar trends in infarct and remote regions for T1 (mean, 1332 mec [95% CI: 1296, 1368] vs 1045 msec [95% CI: 1034, 1056]; P < .001) and T2 (72 msec [95% CI: 69, 75] vs 50 msec [95% CI: 49, 51]; P < .001), the magnitude of the differences among regions was greater when using ADC. Normalized signal differences between infarct and remote regions showed that diffusion-weighted MRI depicted edema 5.1 (P < .001) and 3.5 (P < .001) times greater than did T1 and T2 maps, respectively. Conclusion Multislice cardiac diffusion-weighted images could be acquired in those with acute myocardial injury. Quantitative apparent diffusion coefficient mapping showed greater differences among remote regions and lesions than did T1 or T2 mapping. © RSNA, 2020 See also the editorial by Lloyd and Farris in this issue.
PMID: 32208095 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]