Spatial and temporal deletion reveals a latent effect of Megf8 on the left-right patterning and heart development.
Differentiation. 2020 Mar 14;113:19-25
Authors: Wang W, Zheng X, Song H, Yang J, Liu X, Wang Y, Zhang M, Zhang Z
Laterality disease is frequently associated with congenital heart disease (CHD). However, it is unclear what is behind this association, a pleiotropic effect of common genetic causes of laterality diseases or the impact of abnormal left-right patterning on the downstream cardiovascular development. MEGF8 is a disease gene of Carpenter syndrome characterized by defective lateralization and CHD. Here we performed spatial and temporal deletion to dissect the tissue and time requirements of Megf8 on cardiovascular development. None of conditional deletions in cardiomyocytes, endothelium/endocardium, epicardium, cardiac mesoderm or neural crest cells led to cardiovascular defects. More surprisingly, temporal deletion with a ubiquitous Cre driver at embryonic day 7.5 (E7.5), a time point before symmetry break and cardiogenesis, causes preaxial polydactyly (PPD) and exencephaly, but not laterality and cardiovascular defects. These data suggested that Megf8 was dispensable for cardiac organogenesis. Only with E6.5 deletion, we observed aortic arch artery defects including right aortic arch, an indicator of reversed left-right patterning. The concurrence of laterality and cardiovascular defects in pre-streak stage deletion rather than cardiac organogenesis stage deletion indicates that the laterality defect may directly impact heart development. Interestingly, the latent effect of Megf8 on the left-right patterning suggests that the regulation of laterality may be much earlier than we previously thought.
PMID: 32203821 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]