Development of a simple method for differential delivery of volatile anesthetics to the spinal cord of the rabbit.
PLoS One. 2020;15(2):e0223700
Authors: Zhang P, Li Y, Xu T
Emulsified volatile anesthetic can be directly injected into the circulation and eliminated from blood through lungs. Taking advantage of the unique pharmacokinetics of the emulsified volatile anesthetics, we aimed to develop a less traumatic method to differentially deliver them to the spinal cord of rabbit. Sixteen New Zealand White rabbits were randomly assigned to the isoflurane or sevoflurane group. A catheter was placed into the descending aorta, and emulsified isoflurane (8mg/kg/h) or sevoflurane (12mg/kg/h) was given respectively. The concentration and partial pressure of the anesthetics in the jugular and femoral vein were measured. Our results showed that the partial pressure for isoflurane was 3.91±1.11 mmHg and 12.61±1.60 mmHg (1.0MAC), and for sevoflurane was 3.89±1.00 mmHg and 19.92±1.84mmHg (1.0MAC), in the jugular vein and femoral vein, respectively. There was significant difference between jugular and femoral vein partial pressure for both isoflurane and sevoflurane groups (both P < 0.001). In conclusion, a simple and minimally invasive method has been successfully developed to selectively deliver isoflurane and sevoflurane to the spinal cord in the rabbit. Before the anesthetics taking action on the brain, 69% of isoflurane and 81% of sevoflurane were removed through lungs. This method can be used to investigate sites and mechanisms of volatile anesthetic action.
PMID: 32092080 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]