Rev Mal Respir. 2020 Feb 19;:
Authors: Aubry A, Paternot A, Vieillard-Baron A
Cor pulmonale is a disease of the heart characterised by dilatation of the right ventricle and paradoxical movement of the interventricular septum. The diagnosis depends on echocardiography even if pulmonary artery catheterisation suggests it. It is secondary to pulmonary disease or a disorder of the pulmonary circulation. These two mechanisms, which are often connected, involve pulmonary hypertension as the origin of a systolic and diastolic overload of the right ventricle, which then leads to the alterations of its structure and performance. Acute cor pulmonale is usually secondary to an acute respiratory distress syndrome or to a pulmonary embolism but it can also be seen in primary lactic acidosis, a vaso-occlusive crisis in a patient with sickle cell anaemia, severe acute asthma, and entry of air or injected crushed tablets into the circulation. Chronic cor pulmonale is the terminal stage of pulmonary hypertension. Clinically these patients are dyspnoeic with signs of chronic right heart failure. They should have an echocardiogram confirming the cardiac involvement. Certain precipitating factors, such as infection of any origin, have been reported, leading to acute on chronic cor pulmonale that has a particularly high mortality.
PMID: 32088063 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]