Cardiology

Prevalence of Congenital Heart Disease Amongst Schoolchildren in Southwest China.



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Prevalence of Congenital Heart Disease Amongst Schoolchildren in Southwest China.

Indian Pediatr. 2020 Feb 15;57(2):138-141

Authors: Han S, Wei CY, Hou ZL, Li YX, Ding YC, Guang XF, Huang D, Na ZH, Chen WM, Jian G LH

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of congenital heart disease in Yunnan, China which has diverse ethnic groups.
METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 244,023 children from 2010 to 2015. To diagnose CHD, a conventional physical examination was used to screen suspicious cases, which were further confirmed by echocardiography.
RESULTS: A total of 1695 children were diagnosed with CHD. The estimated prevalence was 6.94%. Atrial septal defects were the most common cardiac abnormalities. A higher prevalence of CHD was observed with preterm birth, low birth weight, maternal age ≥35 years, and high-altitude regions. The prevalence also showed differences between diverse ethnic groups.
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of CHD in China may have ethnic differences.

PMID: 32060241 [PubMed – in process]

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