Facial proportions can be improved by means of chin augmentation in patients with a receding chin. The ascending mental artery is the main arterial supply to the top of the chin, and arterial occlusion of this artery can result in soft-tissue infarction. This study aims to measure the topographic anatomy of the ascending mental artery at the chin injection area, using a three-dimensional camera.
Thirty-one embalmed cadaveric faces were dissected at the chin. The midline of the inferior margin of the mandibular protuberance was marked with a pin. A variation in size between the two opposite ascending mental arteries was noticed. The depth of the artery from the skin surface and distance from the midline were measured using a three-dimensional camera.
There were 19 dominant ascending mental arteries on the right and 12 on the left. The dominant ascending mental arteries enter the chin paracentrally, approximately 6 mm (mean ± SD, 5.64 ± 4.34 mm) from the midline, within the muscular plane, and at a depth of 4.15 ± 1.95 mm from the skin. Furthermore, the artery formed an anastomosis with the sublingual artery, within the floor of the mouth.
Every aesthetic physician should recognize the course of the ascending mental artery and use the appropriate techniques to avoid vascular injury during chin augmentation using filler injections.