Ceftolozane/Tazobactam in Neonates and Young Infants: The Challenges of Collecting Pharmacokinetics and Safety Data in This Vulnerable Patient Population.
Am J Perinatol. 2020 Jan 07;:
Authors: Ang JY, Arrieta A, Bradley JS, Zhang Z, Yu B, Rizk ML, Johnson MG, Rhee EG
OBJECTIVE: New treatments are needed for multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-negative infections in neonates. Ceftolozane/tazobactam is a β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitor combination that has broad-spectrum activity against most common gram-negative bacteria, including MDR strains. We evaluated pharmacokinetics (PK) and safety of ceftolozane/tazobactam in term and premature neonates and young infants.
STUDY DESIGN: This is a subgroup analysis of a phase 1, noncomparative, open-label, multicenter study that characterized the PK, safety, and tolerability of a single intravenous (IV) dose of ceftolozane/tazobactam in pediatric patients with proven/suspected gram-negative infection or receiving perioperative prophylaxis.
RESULTS: Seven patients were enrolled in Group A (birth [7 days postnatal] to < 3 months, > 32 weeks gestation) and six patients were enrolled in Group B (birth [7 days postnatal] to < 3 months, ≤ 32 weeks gestation). PK profiles in neonates and young infants were generally comparable to those of older children receiving a single IV dose of ceftolozane/tazobactam. No serious adverse events (AEs), treatment-related AEs, severe AEs, or clinically significant laboratory abnormalities were reported.
CONCLUSION: Among term and premature neonates and young infants, PK was comparable to older children and ceftolozane/tazobactam was generally well tolerated. An adaptable and flexible study design is necessary for enrollment in neonatal PK trials.
PMID: 31910460 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]