Cardiovascular Comorbidities Are the Main Predictors of Cardiac Reverse Remodeling following Kidney Transplantation.
Cardiology. 2020 Jan 07;:1-6
Authors: Kobayashi M, Huttin O, Schikowski J, Bozec E, Zohra L, Frimat L, Girerd N, Girerd S
BACKGROUND: End-stage renal disease is associated with cardiac remodeling, which is partly reversible after kidney transplantation (KT). We aimed to determine the association of cardiovascular comorbidities or kidney-related factors with cardiac reverse remodeling after KT.
METHODS: We performed echocardiography in 56 patients (aged 48 ± 15 years, mean ± SD) before and 24 months after undergoing their first KT. Echocardiograms were reviewed using a standardized process with blinding for the patient characteristics and evaluation timing. Multivariable linear regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between comorbidities and changes in cardiac structure and systolic/diastolic function.
RESULTS: Left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and diastolic parameters did not change significantly, while left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) increased from 63.9 to 69.6% (p = 0.046). Multivariable analysis revealed associations of histories of valvular heart disease with a smaller reduction in LVMI (β = -27.3, p = 0.04), of coronary artery disease or heart failure with a smaller increase in LVEF (β = 7.17, p = 0.02), and of diabetes mellitus with less improvement in E wave (β = -0.19, p = 0.05), e’ (β = 4.15, p = 0.046), and E/e’ (β = -5.00, p < 0.01).
CONCLUSION: Cardiovascular comorbidities were -associated with less improvement in cardiac structure and function following KT. Our findings suggest that patients with CV comorbidities may experience limited “favorable” reverse cardiac remodeling following KT.
PMID: 31910420 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]