CTCF inhibits endoplasmic reticulum stress and apoptosis in cardiomyocytes by upregulating RYR2 via inhibiting S100A1.
Life Sci. 2019 Dec 11;:117158
Authors: Zeng Z, Huang N, Zhang Y, Wang Y, Su Y, Zhang H, An Y
AIMS: Pediatric heart failure is a common cardiovascular disease in clinical pediatrics. CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF), a novel transcriptional repressor, was reported to participate in the occurrence of various cardiovascular diseases. The present study focuses on exploring the effects of CTCF on tunicamycin (TM)-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, and investigating the underlying mechanisms.
MATERIALS AND METHOD: Expression of CTCF in blood samples of heart failure children and TM-induced cardiomyocytes were evaluated by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). Apoptotic rate of cardiomyocytes was detected by Annexin v assay. Western blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were applied to examine the effect of CTCF on ER stress. Co-immunoprecipitation and western blotting were devoted to explore the mechanism by which CTCF contributes to ER stress.
KEY FINDINGS: We proved that CTCF was lowly expressed in blood samples of heart failure children and TM-induced cardiomyocytes, and overexpression of CTCF weaken the TM-induced ER stress. Using co-immunoprecipitation and protein blots, we demonstrated that CTCF upregulates RYR2 by inhibiting S100A1, thus mediating the PERK signaling pathway and regulating ER stress.
SIGNIFICANCE: Our data revealed that CTCF protects cardiomyocytes from ER stress through S100A1-RYR2 axis, and can be applied as a therapeutic target for the treatment of pediatric heart failure in future.
PMID: 31837328 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]