Short communication: pharmacokinetics of oxytocin administered intranasally to beef cattle.
Domest Anim Endocrinol. 2019 Aug 15;71:106387
Authors: Wagner BK, Relling AE, Kieffer JD, Moraes LE, Parker AJ
Providing the neuropeptides oxytocin and vasopressin intranasally increased concentrations in plasma and cerebral spinal fluid in humans and primates, respectively. This is of interest because of the documented anxiolytic effects of oxytocin observed in humans and rodents. To date, a transnasal approach of hormone administration has not been investigated in beef cattle. Defining the pharmacokinetics of intranasal oxytocin in cattle is necessary for determining optimum sampling and dosing timelines for future investigations. Five, weaned Bos taurus steers were used in a 3 × 3 Latin square design. Treatments included 1) 0.33 IU oxytocin/kg BW (A, n = 5), 2) 0.66 IU oxytocin/kg BW (B, n = 5), and 3) 1.32 IU oxytocin/kg BW (C, n = 5). Steers were acclimated to handling and restraint procedures for 4 wk leading up to the start of the experiment. Frequent blood collection occurred every 2 min for the first 30 min and every 5 min for the second 30 min, relative to administration of intranasal treatment. No treatment by time interaction was detected; however, there was an effect of time (P < 0.001) and treatment (P = 0.002) on oxytocin concentrations over time. Pharmacokinetic parameters, determined by PKSolver excel add-in, demonstrated an average maximum concentration (CMAX) of 63.3 pg/mL at 3.5 min after intranasal dose administration. An average half-life (T1/2) of 12.1 min after intranasal administration was determined. Pharmacokinetic parameters to a single bolus were not dose-dependent.
PMID: 31830691 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]