Pediatrics

National Trends in the Epidemiology and Resource Use for Henoch-Schonlein Purpura (IgA Vasculitis) Hospitalizations in the United States From 2006 to 2014

OBJECTIVES:

We examined the trends in the rate of Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) hospitalizations and the associated resource use among children in the United States from 2006 through 2014.

METHODS:

Pediatric hospitalizations with HSP were identified by using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, code 287.0 from the National Inpatient Sample. HSP hospitalization rate was calculated by using the US population as the denominator. Resource use was determined by length of stay (LOS) and hospital cost. We used linear regression for trend analysis.

RESULTS:

A total of 16 865 HSP hospitalizations were identified, and the HSP hospitalization rate varied by age, sex, and race. The overall HSP hospitalization rate was 2.4 per 100 000 children, and there was no trend during the study period. LOS remained stable at 2.8 days, but inflation-adjusted hospital cost increased from $2802.20 in 2006 to $3254.70 in 2014 (P < .001).

CONCLUSIONS:

HSP hospitalization rate in the United States remained stable from 2006 to 2014. Despite no increase in LOS, inflation-adjusted hospital cost increased. Further studies are needed to identify the drivers of increased hospitalization cost and to develop cost-effective management strategies.

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