Pediatrics

Serum C-Reactive Protein Levels in Healthy Neonates in Different Gestational and Postnatal Ages

Abstract

There is paucity of normative data on serum C-reactive protein (CRP) in neonates. In Part I of study, we compared CRP in healthy neonates (from 28°/7 weeks to 416/7 weeks of gestation) between various gestational and postnatal age groups in first week. We planned recruitment of 50 participants each in ‘term’, ‘late preterm’ and ‘moderate-to-very preterm’ groups, equally divided in ‘24–95 h’ and ‘96–168 h’ postnatal age sub-groups. In Part II of study, we assayed CRP weekly in moderate-to-very preterm neonates until day 28 to evaluate its trend. Among 154 subjects, term neonates had higher CRP, with highest values among term infants aged 24–95 h. Barring postnatal age, maternal/perinatal factors did not affect CRP levels. CRP did not change significantly over 28 days in moderate-to-very preterm neonates. In conclusion, serum CRP in healthy neonates is highest among term infants aged 24–95 h and does not vary significantly in the first month of life among moderate-to-very preterm infants.

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