Pediatrics

‘Health Promoting School’ Model in Prevention of Vector-Borne Diseases in Odisha: A Pilot Intervention

Abstract

We tested ‘Health-Promoting School model’ for vector-borne diseases (VBDs) through behavioural changes among students in India for better control of the diseases in the community. A total of 1098 students from eight co-ed schools (four controls and four interventions) of Odisha participated in the study. Intervention was 12 h of class room teaching and activities on mosquito dynamics, source identification, prevention and management of VBDs. Control schools were provided with the leaflets and posters covering the objectives. Impact was assessed through change in knowledge and practice through pre- and post-test. Total mean transformed score in pre-intervention survey in both the groups was nearly 33, which increased to 38.6 and 53.9 in control and intervention group, respectively. In intervention group the mean days of absenteeism due to VBDs was reduced nearly by four times. The model can be used as effective health-promoting measures for vector control.

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