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Development and application of a rapid and sensitive LC-MS/MS method for simultaneous quantification of six diterpene lactones in rats after oral administration of Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae extract.

J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2019 Aug 28;1128:121781

Authors: Fu S, Du L, Wu Z, Hu P, Huang C, Zhang S, He X

Abstract
Diterpene lactones have been considered as the main therapeutic and hepatotoxic constituents of Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae in recent years. In this work, a simple, rapid and accurate LC-MS/MS method was established and validated to determine six diterpene lactones in rat plasma simultaneously, including Diosbulbin B (DIOB), Diosbulbin C (DIOC), Diosbulbin D (DIOD), Diosbulbin G (DIOG), Diosbulbin J (DIOJ) and Diosbulbin L (DIOL), after oral administration of Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae extract. The six diterpene lactones, with the inclusion of two pairs of isomer (DIOB & D, DIOC & L), and Buspirone (internal standard, IS) were successfully separated using an XDB-C18 column with the gradient elution, consisting of water with 0.1% (v/v) FA and methanol with 0.1% (v/v) FA, under a flow rate of 0.50 mL/min in 5.8 min. Precursor-product ion transitions were optimized to be m/z 362.1 → 317.1, 363.1 → 207.1, 345.0 → 299.2, 364.3 → 347.0, 396.3 → 379.3, 363.2 → 345.1 and 386.3 → 122.2 for DIOB, DIOC, DIOD, DIOG, DIOJ, DIOL and buspirone at positive ion mode with an electrospray ionization source (ESI), respectively. The linearity ranges of this present method were 0.50 to 500 μg/L for DIOB, 20.0 to 20,000 μg/L for DIOC and 2.00 to 2000 μg/L for DIOD, DIOG, DIOJ and DIOL, respectively. And the LLOQs were as low as 0.20 μg/L for DIOB, 20.0 μg/L for DIOC and 2.00 μg/L for DIOB, D, G, J and L. The accuracy of each analyte was within the range of 95.8% to 101.0% and the precision was <11.3%. No matrix effect and carry over was observed, and the recovery of the six analytes ranged from 87.3% to 109% with the RSD <11.4% within the concentrations range. The validated method was further applied to the pharmacokinetics investigation of DIOB, DIOC, DIOD, DIOG, DIOJ and DIOL successfully after oral administration of Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae extract at 1.53 g/kg in rats.

PMID: 31520947 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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