VCAM-1 Density and Tumor Perfusion Predict T-cell Infiltration and Treatment Response in Preclinical Models.
Neoplasia. 2019 Sep 11;21(10):1036-1050
Authors: Riegler J, Gill H, Ogasawara A, Hedehus M, Javinal V, Oeh J, Ferl GZ, Marik J, Williams S, Sampath D, Schartner J, Carano RAD
Cancer immunotherapies have demonstrated durable responses in a range of different cancers. However, only a subset of patients responds to these therapies. We set out to test if non-invasive imaging of tumor perfusion and vascular inflammation may be able to explain differences in T-cell infiltration in pre-clinical tumor models, relevant for treatment outcomes. Tumor perfusion and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1) density were quantified using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and correlated with infiltration of adoptively transferred and endogenous T-cells. MRI biomarkers were evaluated for their ability to detect tumor rejection 3 days after T-cell transfer. Baseline levels of these markers were used to assess their ability to predict PD-L1 treatment response. We found correlations between MRI-derived VCAM-1 density and infiltration of endogenous or adoptively transferred T-cells in some preclinical tumor models. Blocking T-cell binding to endothelial cell adhesion molecules (VCAM-1/ICAM) prevented T-cell mediated tumor rejection. Tumor rejection could be detected 3 days after adoptive T-cell transfer prior to tumor volume changes by monitoring the extracellular extravascular volume fraction. Imaging tumor perfusion and VCAM-1 density before treatment initiation was able to predict the response of MC38 tumors to PD-L1 blockade. These results indicate that MRI based assessment of tumor perfusion and VCAM-1 density can inform about the permissibility of the tumor vasculature for T-cell infiltration which may explain some of the observed variance in treatment response for cancer immunotherapies.
PMID: 31521051 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]