Some patients develop anti-drug antibodies (ADAs), which reduce the efficacy of infliximab, a monoclonal antibody against tumor necrosis factor (TNF), in treatment of immune-mediated diseases, including inflammatory bowel diseases. ADAs arise inconsistently, and it is not clear what factors determine their formation. We investigated features of the immune system, the infliximab antibody, and its complex with TNF that might contribute to ADA generation.

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