Real-world effectiveness of fingolimod in Polish group of patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2019 Jul 23;184:105453
Authors: Walczak A, Kurkowska-Jastrzebska I, Zakrzewska-Pniewska B, Dorobek M, Brola W, Zajdel R, Bartosik-Psujek H, Stasiolek M, Kulakowska A, Rusek S, Tutaj A, Glabinski A, Wlodek A, Kochanowski J, Ciach A, Siger M, Kurowska K, Wicha W, Nojszewska M, Podlecka-Pietowska A, Czajka A, Kapica-Topczewska K, Bielecki B, Maciagowska-Terela M, Stepien A
OBJECTIVES: Fingolimod is indicated for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients with highly aggressive disease characterized by frequent relapses and active magnetic resonance imaging. Its efficacy has been demonstrated in three large phase III trials, used in the regulatory submissions throughout the world. Fingolimod in licensed in Europe since 2011 but with a growing number of disease-modifying drugs (DMD) becoming available for RRMS, it is important to gather real-world evidence data regarding long-term effectiveness in treated patients with MS. The aim of this study was to assess fingolimod effectiveness in a real life Polish group of RRMS patients receiving fingolimod as second line treatment.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: The observational study with retrospective data collection was performed at 13 sites that were asked to document eligible patients in consecutive chronological order to avoid selection bias. Demographic and clinical data from 253 adult patients with RRMS treated with fingolimod were analyzed.
RESULTS: Mean treatment time with fingolimod was 42 months. Relapses reduction during 3 years treatment period was observed (2.0 v 0.2) and majority of patients were free of relapses. Mean EDSS score was stable during the time of observation. The proportion of patients who were free from any clinical disease activity, i.e. without relapses and disability progression, was over 70%. During the first and second year of observation significant reduction of new MRI lesions was observed.
CONCLUSION: In the Polish group of patients with RRMS treated with fingolimod, the majority of them showed freedom from relapses, disability progression and reduction of new MRI lesions. Switching from injectable immunomodulatory drugs to fingolimod is associated with fewer relapses and lower disability progression.
PMID: 31376776 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]