It is generally understood that children or adolescents who have experienced trauma, such as child maltreatment, will experience physical and psychological effects as an increasing body of evidence has demonstrated a strong direct relationship between these adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and adult physical and psychological health.1 Two decades after the groundbreaking publication by Felitti et al.1 on this association between our experiences in childhood and health, it is recognized that ACEs include exposures to trauma beyond abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction to include

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