Dentistry

Biomechanical analysis of total mesialization of the mandibular dentition: A finite element study.

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Biomechanical analysis of total mesialization of the mandibular dentition: A finite element study.

Orthod Craniofac Res. 2019 Jun 23;:

Authors: Kawamura J, Park JH, Kojima Y, Kook YA, Kyung HM, Chae JM

Abstract
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the mechanics of tooth movement in mesialization of the whole mandibular dentition when changing the force angulation.
SETTING: A finite element method was used to simulate long-term movements of the whole mandibular dentition.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Tooth movement was simulated by accumulating the initial displacement, which was produced by elastic deformation of the periodontal ligament. Mesial forces of 3 N were applied to the second molar bracket at -30°, -15°, 0°, 15°, and 30° to the occlusal plane.
RESULTS: The whole dentition and occlusal plane were rotated depending on the direction of the force with respect to the center of resistance (CR). At a force angulation of -30°, the line of action of the force passed near the CR, and the whole dentition translated without rotation of the occlusal plane. The second molar tipped buccally due to a clearance gap between the archwire and bracket slot. When increasing a force angulation from -30°, the line of action of the force passed above the CR, and thereby the occlusal plane rotated clockwise. This rotation of the whole dentition induced tipping of the individual teeth. Buccal tipping of the molar due to an elastic deformation of the archwire was prevented by using a lingually prebent archwire.
CONCLUSIONS: Careful selection of force angulation and biomechanics is essential to obtain proper tooth movement in total mesialization of the mandibular dentition. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PMID: 31230415 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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