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The real-world effectiveness of natalizumab and fingolimod in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. An Italian multicentre study.

Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2019 May 31;33:146-152

Authors: Curti E, Tsantes E, Baldi E, Caniatti LM, Ferraro D, Sola P, Granella F

BACKGROUND: Both natalizumab and fingolimod are highly effective in the treatment of relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS). In the absence of head-to-head trials, some observational studies have compared their efficacy with conflicting results.
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy of natalizumab and fingolimod in a cohort of RRMS patients in an observational, retrospective study.
METHODS: We included all consecutive RRMS patients who started natalizumab or fingolimod in three MS centres with a follow-up to 24 months and analysed clinical and brain MRI data after propensity score (PS) matching.
RESULTS: After 1:1 PS-matching, we retained 102 patients in both groups, with similar baseline features. After 24 months, although both drugs resulted highly effective, patients treated with natalizumab had a lower relapse risk (HR 0.59 CI 95% 0.35-1.00, p = 0.048) and higher time to first relapse. MRI-combined-unique-activity was found in 31.8% of natalizumab vs 43.2% of fingolimod treated patients (p = 0.28). We found a higher proportion of patients with confirmed regression of disability (19.2 vs 6.7%, p = 0.03) and 2-year no evidence of disease activity (NEDA-3, 39.0% vs 22.0%, p = 0.04) in the natalizumab group.
CONCLUSIONS: Both drugs were highly effective in our cohort. Natalizumab proved superior in inducing regression of disability and 2-year-NEDA-3.

PMID: 31200271 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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