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Effects of Differential Food Patterns on the Pharmacokinetics of Enteric-Coated Mesalazine Tablets in the Same Cohort of Healthy Chinese Volunteers.

Clin Pharmacol Drug Dev. 2019 May 06;:

Authors: Zhang SH, Li Y, Wei SS, Guo L, Huang XM, Chen Y, Wu XX, Cai HL, Zhang BK

Abstract
This study aimed to simultaneously determine mesalazine (5-ASA) and its major metabolite N-Ac-5-ASA in the plasma and to evaluate the impact of different food patterns on the relative bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of a single oral dose of 5-ASA in healthy subjects. In this single-dose, open-label, 3-period, 3-treatment crossover study, the subjects received a single, oral dose of 500-mg enteric-coated mesalazine tablet together with either a low-fat or a high-fat breakfast or under fasting condition (reference). The pharmacokinetic parameters were determined by noncompartmental methods and analyzed with a linear mixed-effect model. The geometric least squares mean ratio for the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from zero to infinity of N-Ac-5-ASA was 1.05 (90% confidence interval [CI], 0.70-1.58) for high-fat/fasted condition and 1.06 (90%CI, 0.82-1.36) for low-fat/fasted condition. The least squares mean ratio of 5-ASA was 0.86 (90%CI, 0.65-1.14) for high-fat/fasted condition and 0.78 (90%CI, 0.60-1.02) for low-fat/fasted condition. All P values were >.05. The mean maximum plasma concentration and the time to reach the maximum plasma concentration of N-Ac-5-ASA were 2084 ng/mL, 8 hours; 2639 ng/mL, 11 hours, and 2409 ng/mL, 9 hours for fasted, high-fat, and low-fat, respectively. The values of 5-ASA were 1950 ng/mL, 7 hours; 2869 ng/mL, 9 hours; and 2837 ng/mL, 8 hours for fasted, high-fat, and low-fat condition. 5-ASA was well tolerated under all 3 conditions. Food delayed the absorption of 5-ASA, especially a high-fat meal. Therefore, enteric-coated mesalazine tablets should be taken before meals to avoid causing patients slow response and any effect of food on its efficacy.

PMID: 31056855 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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