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Recipient ABCB1, donor and recipient CYP3A5 genotypes influence tacrolimus pharmacokinetics in liver transplant cases.

Pharmacol Rep. 2019 Jan 11;71(3):385-392

Authors: Naushad SM, Pavani A, Rupasree Y, Hussain T, Alrokayan SA, Kutala VK

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Effective immunosuppression through optimization of trough levels tacrolimus reduces post-transplant mortality rate in liver transplant cases.
METHODS: Meta-analysis was carried out to evaluate how donor/recipient CYP3A5 (n = 678) and recipient ABCB1 (n = 318) genotypes influence tacrolimus pharmacokinetics till one-month of transplantation.
RESULTS: The donor CYP3A5*3/*3 genotype exhibited higher concentration/dose (C/D) ratio of tacrolimus in week 1 (mean difference: 65.04, 95% CI: 15.30-114.79 ng/ml/mg/kg), week 2 (mean difference: 21.7, 95% CI: 12.6-30.9 ng/ml/mg/kg) and week 4 (mean difference: 43.28, 95% CI: 17.09 – 69.49 ng/ml/mg/kg) compared to *1/*1 and *1/*3 genotypes. The recipient CYP3A5 *3/*3 genotype did not showed significant difference in tacrolimus C/D ratio in week 1 compared to other two genotypes. However, week 2 (mean difference: 44.16, 95% CI: 3.68-84.65 ng/ml/mg/kg) and week 4 (mean difference: 43.74, 95% CI: 12.50-75.00 ng/ml/mg/kg) availability was higher in *3/*3 mutant recipients. However, the recipient ABCB1 3435 C > T polymorphism has no significant influence on tacrolimus pharmacokinetics till one month of transplant.
CONCLUSIONS: The donor and recipient CYP3A5*3 polymorphism influences tacrolimus pharmacokinetics in the first month post-transplantation, whereas the association with recipient ABCB1 3435 C > T is inconclusive.

PMID: 31003147 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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