Although there has been a marked increase in the number of NICUs in Korea, the gap in quality improvement has remained a national focus. The Korean Neonatal Network (KNN) was established in 2013 by the Korean Society of Neonatology with support from the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, with the aim of improving neonatal outcomes by offering data-driven interactive tools to all participating NICUs. Approximately 2,000 very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants from 70 participating hospital NICUs are registered annually in the KNN, with a total of over 12,000 to date. In addition to providing a national registry of VLBW infants, this unique system also leads to an infrastructure for quality improvement in neonatal care, which in turn has an effect on the development of evidence-based neonatal medicine in Korea. Furthermore, it is encouraging that the KNN plans to develop tools to facilitate multicenter clinical trials and to join the global international network for international collaboration.

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