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Value of Relative Myocardial Perfusion at MRI for Fractional Flow Reserve-Defined Ischemia: A Pilot Study.

AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2019 Mar 12;:1-8

Authors: Ghekiere O, Dacher JN, Dewilde W, Mancini I, Cools W, Vanhoenacker PK, Dendale P, Lancellotti P, de Roos A, Nchimi A

OBJECTIVE: Correcting the perfusion in areas distal to coronary stenosis (risk) according to that of normal (remote) areas defines the relative myocardial perfusion index, which is similar to the fractional flow reserve (FFR) concept. The aim of this study was to assess the value of relative myocardial perfusion by MRI in predicting lesion-specific inducible ischemia as defined by FFR.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six patients (33 men and 13 women; mean [± SD] age, 61 ± 9 years) who underwent adenosine perfusion MRI and FFR measurement distal to 49 coronary artery stenoses during coronary angiography were retrospectively evaluated. Subendocardial time-enhancement maximal upslopes, normalized by the respective left ventricle cavity upslopes, were obtained in risk and remote subendocardium during adenosine and rest MRI perfusion and were correlated to the FFR values.
RESULTS: The mean FFR value was 0.84 ± 0.09 (range, 0.60-0.98) and was less than or equal to 0.80 in 31% of stenoses (n = 15). The relative subendocardial perfusion index (risk-to-remote upslopes) during hyperemia showed better correlations with the FFR value (r = 0.59) than the uncorrected risk perfusion parameters (i.e., both the upslope during hyperemia and the perfusion reserve index [stress-to-rest upslopes]; r = 0.27 and 0.29, respectively). A cutoff value of 0.84 of the relative subendocardial perfusion index had an ROC AUC of 0.88 to predict stenosis at an FFR of less than or equal to 0.80.
CONCLUSION: Using adenosine perfusion MRI, the relative myocardial perfusion index enabled the best prediction of FFR-defined lesion-specific myocardial ischemia. This index could be used to noninvasively determine the need for revascularization of known coronary stenoses.

PMID: 30860888 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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