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SLMAP-3 is downregulated in human dilated ventricles and its overexpression promotes cardiomyocyte response to adrenergic stimuli by increasing intracellular calcium.

Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2019 Mar 11;:

Authors: Nader M, Alsolme E, Alotaiby S, Alsomali R, Bakheet D, Dzimiri N

Structural dilation of cardiomyocytes (CMs) imposes a decline in cardiac performance that precipitates cardiac failure and sudden death. Since membrane proteins are implicated in dilated cardiomyopathy and heart failure, we evaluated the expression of the sarcolemmal membrane-associated protein (SLMAP) in dilated cardiomyopathy and its effect on CM contraction. We found that all three SLMAP isoforms (SLMAP-1, -2, and -3) are expressed in CMs and are downregulated in human dilated ventricles. Knockdown (KD) of SLMAPs in cultured CMs transduced with recombinant adeno-associated viral particles (AAV) releasing SLMAP-shRNA precipitated reduced spontaneous contractile rate that was not fully recovered in SLMAP-depleted CMs challenged with isoproterenol (ISO), thus phenotypically mimicking heart failure performance. Interestingly, the overexpression (OE) of the SLMAP-3 full-length isoform induced a positive chronotropic effect in CMs that was more pronounced in response to ISO insult (vs. ISO-treated naïve CMs). Confocal live imaging showed that H9c2 cardiac myoblasts overexpressing SLMAP-3 exhibit a higher intracellular calcium transient peak when treated with ISO (vs. ISO-treated cells carrying a control AAV). Proteomics revealed that SLMAP-3 interacts with the regulator of CM contraction, striatin. Collectively, our data demonstrate that SLMAP-3 is a novel regulator of CM contraction rate and their response to adrenergic stimuli. Loss of SLMAPs phenotypically mimics cardiac failure and crystallizes SLMAPs as predictive of dilated cardiomyopathy and heart failure.

PMID: 30856349 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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