Dentistry

Lin28 promotes dental pulp cell proliferation via upregulation of cyclin-dependent proteins and interaction with let-7a/IGF2BP2 pathways.

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Lin28 promotes dental pulp cell proliferation via upregulation of cyclin-dependent proteins and interaction with let-7a/IGF2BP2 pathways.

Biomed Pharmacother. 2019 Mar 06;113:108742

Authors: Liu Y, Dong N, Miao J, Li C, Wang X, Ruan J

Abstract
Caries, pulpitis, and trauma are the main causes of dental pulp damage. The regeneration capacity of dental pulp declines with age. Lin28 is a conserved RNA-binding protein in higher eukaryotes that regulates several important cellular functions associated with development, glucose metabolism, differentiation, and pluripotency. Conditional reactivation of Lin28 gene in adult mice markedly accelerates the wound-healing process in injured digits. However, little is known about its functions and molecular mechanism in human dental pulp. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects and mechanism of overexpression of Lin28 gene on the proliferation of human dental pulp cells (HDPCs). For this purpose, a number of molecular and biochemical analytical techniques, including the ethynyl-2′-deoxyuridine (EdU) incorporation assay, RNA-protein immunoprecipitation (RIP) analysis, and luciferase assays, were used for detailed characterization. In addition, factors regulating HDPCs activation were explored through gain-of-function and loss-of-function analyses. The results demonstrate that Lin28 promotes cell proliferation and the S-G2/M transition of HDPCs and directly binds to a group of cell cycle regulatory mRNAs in HDPCs. Through bioinformatics analysis and luciferase assays, we confirmed that let-7a targets IGF2BP2. Silencing of IGF2BP2 showed similar cellular and molecular effects as let-7a. Similarly, restoration of IGF2BP2 counteracted the effects of let-7a expression. In conclusion, Lin28 promotes cell proliferation by regulation of both mRNA translation (let-7-independent) and miRNA biogenesis (let-7-dependent). Lin28 can promote the expression of pro-proliferative genes by directly enhancing their translation to maintain a tight control over HDPC proliferation.

PMID: 30851545 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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