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Factors involved in initiation and regulation of complement lectin pathway influence postoperative outcome after pediatric cardiac surgery involving cardiopulmonary bypass.

Sci Rep. 2019 Feb 27;9(1):2930

Authors: Michalski M, Pągowska-Klimek I, Thiel S, Świerzko AS, Hansen AG, Jensenius JC, Cedzyński M

Congenital heart disease (CHD) often requires surgical intervention, and is sometimes associated with life-threatening post-operative complications. We have investigated some factors of the innate immune system involved in the initiation or regulation of complement lectin pathway activation (MASP-1, MASP-2 MASP-3, MAp19, MAp44, ficolin-3) and related them to complications and prognosis in 190 pediatric patients undergoing CHD repair with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Patients with MAp44 levels ≤1.81 µg/ml more frequently experienced low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS), renal insufficiency, systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and multiorgan dysfunction (MODS). Low MASP-3 (≤5.18 µg/ml) and high MASP-1 (≥11.7 µg/ml) levels were often associated with fatal outcome. Low ficolin-3 concentrations (≤10.1 µg/ml) were more common among patients experiencing SIRS and MODS than in those without complications. However, patients suffering from SIRS and MODS with low ficolin-3 had a much better prognosis (91% survival vs. 37% among other patients; p = 0.007). A discriminating value of 12.7 µg/ml ficolin-3 yielded 8% vs. 60% mortality (p = 0.001). Our data extend the knowledge concerning involvement of proteins of the lectin pathway in development of post-CPB complications. The potential prognostic value of low preoperative MAp44 and high preoperative ficolin-3 seems promising and warrants independent confirmation.

PMID: 30814659 [PubMed – in process]

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