Nurse-led delivery care models have the potential to address the significant burden of heart failure in sub-Saharan Africa. Starting in 2006, the Rwandan Ministry of Health, supported by Inshuti Mu Buzima (Partners In Health–Rwanda), decentralized heart failure diagnosis and care delivery in the context of advanced nurse-led integrated noncommunicable clinics at rural district hospitals. Here, the authors describe the first medium-term survival outcomes from the district level in rural sub-Saharan Africa based on their 10-year experience providing care in rural Rwanda. Kaplan-Meier methods were used to determine median time to event for: 1) composite event of known death from any cause, lost to follow-up, or transfer to estimate worst-case mortality; and 2) known death only. Five-year event-free rates were 41.7% for the composite outcome and 64.3% for known death. While death rates are encouraging, efforts to reduce loss to follow-up are needed.

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