We pose an active perception problem where an autonomous agent actively
interacts with a second agent with potentially adversarial behaviors. Given the
uncertainty in the intent of the other agent, the objective is to collect
further evidence to help discriminate potential threats. The main technical
challenges are the partial observability of the agent intent, the adversary
modeling, and the corresponding uncertainty modeling. Note that an adversary
agent may act to mislead the autonomous agent by using a deceptive strategy
that is learned from past experiences. We propose an approach that combines
belief space planning, generative adversary modeling, and maximum entropy
reinforcement learning to obtain a stochastic belief space policy. By
accounting for various adversarial behaviors in the simulation framework and
minimizing the predictability of the autonomous agent’s action, the resulting
policy is more robust to unmodeled adversarial strategies. This improved
robustness is empirically shown against an adversary that adapts to and
exploits the autonomous agent’s policy when compared with a standard
Chance-Constraint Partially Observable Markov Decision Process robust approach.

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