Cardiology

Influence of myocardial scar on the response to frequent premature ventricular complex ablation






Objective

This study aims to evaluate the influence of myocardial scar after premature ventricular complexes (PVC) ablation in patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction.

Methods

70 consecutive patients (58±11 years, 58 (83%) men, 23% (18–32) mean PVC burden) with LV dysfunction and frequent PVCs submitted for ablation were included. A late gadolinium enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance (LGE-CMR) was performed prior to the ablation and a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the scar was done.

Results

Left ventricular ejection fraction progressively improved from 34.3%±9% at baseline to 44.4%±12% at 12 months (p<0.01) and 48 (69%) patients were echocardiographic responders. New York Heart Association class improved from 1.96±0.9 points at baseline to 1.36±0.6 at 12 months (p<0.001). Brain natriuretic peptide decreased from 120 (60–284) to 46 (23–81) pg/mL (p=0.04). Twenty-nine (41%) patients showed scar in the preprocedural LGE-CMR with a mean scar mass of 10.4 (5–20) g. Mean scar mass was significantly smaller in responders than in non-responders (0 (0–4.7) g vs 2 (0–14) g, respectively, p=0.017). PVC burden reduction (OR 1.09 (1.01–1.16), p=0.02) and scar mass (OR 0.9 (0.81–0.99), p=0.04) were independent predictors of response, but the former showed a higher accuracy.

Conclusions

Presence of myocardial scar modulates, but does not preclude, the probability of response to PVC ablation in patients with LV dysfunction.

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