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Recent advances in computational tools and resources for the self-management of type 2 diabetes.

Inform Health Soc Care. 2019 Jan 17;:1-19

Authors: Moonian O, Jodheea-Jutton A, Khedo KK, Baichoo S, Nagowah SD, Nagowah L, Mungloo-Dilmohamud Z, Cheerkoot-Jalim S

BACKGROUND: While healthcare systems are investing resources on type 2 diabetes patients, self-management is becoming the new trend for these patients. Due to the pervasiveness of computing devices, a number of computerized systems are emerging to support the self-management of patients.
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this review is to identify and categorize the computational tools that exist for the self-management of type 2 diabetes, and to identify challenges that need to be addressed.
RESULTS: The tools have been categorized into web applications, mobile applications, games and ubiquitous diabetes management systems. We provide a detailed description of the salient features of each category along with a comparison of the various tools, listing their challenges and practical implications. A list of platforms that can be used to develop new tools for the self-management of type 2 diabetes, namely mobile applications development, sensor development, cloud computing, social media, and machine learning and predictive analysis platforms, are also provided.
DISCUSSIONS: This paper identifies a number of challenges in the existing categories of computational tools and consequently presents possible avenues for future research. Failure to address these issues will negatively impact on the adoption rate of the self-management tools and applications.

PMID: 30653364 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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